It’s a scene many of us can recall. You arrive home from school, rush to your bedroom and tune your boombox to your favorite radio station. You pop in a blank cassette tape, or one you’ve recorded over so many times before, to capture the songs you love – or the songs you hope someone else will love, too. If that scene of adding favorite songs to your mixtape conjures up some fond memories from days gone by, it might be time to add a routine colonoscopy to your health mixtape.
According to the American Cancer Society, you should begin colon cancer screenings at age 45. Those at higher than average risk may need to begin screening prior to age 45, and more frequently and/or with specific tests. High-risk groups include those with:
A personal history or strong family history of
colorectal cancer or certain types of polyps (growths in the inner lining of
the rectum or colon which can turn cancerous)
A personal history of inflammatory bowel
disease, or history of radiation to the abdomen or pelvic area to treat a prior
A known family history of hereditary colorectal
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer – excluding skin cancers – diagnosed in both men and women in the U.S. It is also the third leading cause of cancer deaths in both men and women. And while most colon cancer cases occur in people 50 and older, the disease can happen to men and women at any age.
The good news is that regular screenings can not only find colon cancer early – making the disease much easier to treat – but can even help prevent colon cancer.
Colonoscopies are an essential component of the fight against colorectal cancers. Most colorectal cancers begin as polyps. The simple procedure of a colonoscopy not only helps detect the disease early, but it also helps to find and remove colorectal polyps before they turn cancerous.
While not all polyps become cancerous, those that do usually take many years to do so, and colorectal cancer may not show symptoms in the early stages – making regular screenings all the more critical to protecting yourself against the disease. And getting a colonoscopy might be easier than you think.
It’s an easier procedure than many patients realize. The procedure usually takes about 30 minutes, during which time any polyps found will be removed, with tissue samples sent for a biopsy. Prior to your screening, your provider will likely give you pain medication and a sedative to ease discomfort.
When colon cancer does exhibit symptoms, they can include:
Blood in the stool (which may make the stool
look dark) or in the toilet after a bowel movement;
Rectal bleeding with bright red blood;
Change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea
or constipation or a narrowing of your stool, that lasts for more than a few
Cramping or abdominal pain;
Weakness and fatigue; and
Unintentional weight loss.
While these symptoms can also be indicative of other health conditions, your provider can help you get to the root of the issue and determine the underlying cause.
It’s recommended that everyone talk to their provider about colorectal cancer risks, discuss when a colonoscopy could be right for them and alert their provider to any symptoms that occur.
You can also take additional steps to aid in prevention of colorectal and many other forms of cancer, including daily exercise, a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, limiting your alcohol intake and eliminating smoking.
Contact UP Health System or visit UPHealthSystem.com to learn more about colorectal cancer and to schedule your colonoscopy today.